Sedge Identification

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Yellow Nutsedge

Triangular stems shoot up from the ground from spherical tubers or basal bulbs. Each bulbs can produce 10 or more new bulbs. Leaves are green with a prominent mid vein and gradually taper to a sharp point. The flowering structure is composed of several spikelets that are yellowish brown in color.

Toxic Properties: None reported. Tubers are food for humans, livestock, and wildlife.

Yellow Nutsedge leaf

Yellow Nutsedge seedhead

Yellow Nutsedge Plant

Purple Nutsedge

Very similar to yellow nutsedge, purple nursedge also has triangular stems that shoot up from the ground from spherical tubers or basal bulbs. Leaves are green with a prominent mid vein, but has an abruptly tapering tip. The flowering structure is composed of several spikelets that are reddish purple or reddish brown in color.

Toxic Properties: None Reported; tubers are edible but have a bitter or peppery taste.

Purple Nutsedge flower

Green Kylinga

Stems are triangular, short, but longer than basal leaves. Basal leaves are green and flat. The flowering structure is solitary and cylindrical filling with dense spikelets.

Toxic Properties: None Reported

Green Kyllinga plant

Globe Sedge

Leaf blades are bright green, flat, and smooth. The seedhead is made up of several spikelets. Each spikelet is made up of a round cluster of seeds. They turn brown to black at maturity.

Globe sedge plant

Porcupine Sedge

This perennial sedge has wide leaf blades that are 5-10” long. They are light to medium green and channeled. Stems are triangular. The seedheads form spikelets that are densely packed.

porcupine sedge seedhead

porcupine sedge seedhead

Annual Sedge

Annual sedge is one of the few sedge species that is an annual and is easier to control than other perennial sedges. Stems are triangular in shape. The seedhead is flattened with a toothed outline.

Toxic Properties: None Reported

Annual Sedge Seedhead

Annual Sedge plant